Journal of Conservative Dentistry
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  Citation statistics : Table of Contents
   2010| October-December  | Volume 13 | Issue 4  
    Online since November 29, 2010

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Endodontic microbiology
L Lakshmi Narayanan, C Vaishnavi
October-December 2010, 13(4):233-239
DOI:10.4103/0972-0707.73386  PMID:21217951
Root canal therapy has been practiced ever since 1928 and the success rate has tremendously increased over the years owing to various advancements in the field. One main reason is the complete understanding of the microbiology involved in the endodontic pathology. This has helped us to modify the conventional treatment plans and effectively combat the microorganisms. Now, studies are aiming to explore the characteristics of the "most" resistant organism and the methods to eliminate them. This article gives an insight of the microbiology involved in endodontic pathology and discusses its role in our treatment procedure. Information from original reviews listed in PubMed, published from 1995 to 2010, has been mainly included in this review.
  121 27,943 2,149
Dental ceramics: An update
Arvind Shenoy, Nina Shenoy
October-December 2010, 13(4):195-203
DOI:10.4103/0972-0707.73379  PMID:21217946
In the last few decades, there have been tremendous advances in the mechanical properties and methods of fabrication of ceramic materials. While porcelain-based materials are still a major component of the market, there have been moves to replace metal ceramics systems with all ceramic systems. Advances in bonding techniques have increased the range and scope for use of ceramics in dentistry. In this brief review, we will discuss advances in ceramic materials and fabrication techniques. Examples of the microstructure property relationships for these ceramic materials will also be addressed.
  91 36,765 2,454
Dentin hypersensitivity: Recent trends in management
Sanjay Miglani, Vivek Aggarwal, Bhoomika Ahuja
October-December 2010, 13(4):218-224
DOI:10.4103/0972-0707.73385  PMID:21217949
Dentinal hypersensitivity (DH) is a common clinical condition usually associated with exposed dentinal surfaces. It can affect patients of any age group and most commonly affects the canines and premolars of both the arches. This article concisely reviews the patho-physiology, mechanism and clinical management of the DH. Treatment of DH should start with an accurate diagnosis. Differential diagnosis should be made and all other probable causes should be excluded. An often neglected phase of clinical management of DH is the identification and treatment of the causative factors of DH. By removing the etiological factors, the condition can be even prevented from occurring or recurring. There are various treatment modalities available which can be used at home or may be professionally applied. The "at home" desensitizing agents include toothpastes, mouthwashes or chewing gums and they act by either occluding the dentinal tubules or blocking the neural transmission. This article also discusses the recent treatment options like bioglass, Portland cement, lasers and casein phosphopeptide.
  82 39,940 3,249
Root canal irrigants
Deivanayagam Kandaswamy, Nagendrababu Venkateshbabu
October-December 2010, 13(4):256-264
DOI:10.4103/0972-0707.73378  PMID:21217955
Successful root canal therapy relies on the combination of proper instrumentation, irrigation, and obturation of the root canal. Of these three essential steps of root canal therapy, irrigation of the root canal is the most important determinant in the healing of the periapical tissues. The primary endodontic treatment goal must thus be to optimize root canal disinfection and to prevent reinfection. In this review of the literature, various irrigants and the interactions between irrigants are discussed. We performed a Medline search for English-language papers published untill July 2010. The keywords used were 'root canal irrigants' and 'endodontic irrigants.' The reference lists of each article were manually checked for additional articles of relevance.
  77 49,154 4,384
Principles of smile design
Mohan Bhuvaneswaran
October-December 2010, 13(4):225-232
DOI:10.4103/0972-0707.73387  PMID:21217950
An organized and systematic approach is required to evaluate, diagnose and resolve esthetic problems predictably. It is of prime importance that the final result is not dependent only on the looks alone. Our ultimate goal as clinicians is to achieve pleasing composition in the smile by creating an arrangement of various esthetic elements. This article reviews the various principles that govern the art of smile designing. The literature search was done using PubMed search and Medline. This article will provide a basic knowledge to the reader to bring out a functional stable smile.
  52 50,596 4,645
Color: Implications in dentistry
Vimal K Sikri
October-December 2010, 13(4):249-255
DOI:10.4103/0972-0707.73381  PMID:21217954
The success of restorative dentistry is determined on the basis of functional and esthetic results. To achieve esthetics, four basic determinants are required in sequence; viz., position, contour, texture and color. The knowledge of the concept of color is essential for achieving good esthetics. This review compiles the various aspects of color, its measurements and shade matching in dentistry.
  51 17,906 1,126
Dental amalgam: An update
Ramesh Bharti, Kulvinder Kaur Wadhwani, Aseem Prakash Tikku, Anil Chandra
October-December 2010, 13(4):204-208
DOI:10.4103/0972-0707.73380  PMID:21217947
Dental amalgam has served as an excellent and versatile restorative material for many years, despite periods of controversy. The authors review its history, summarize the evidence with regard to its performance and offer predictions for the future of this material. The PubMed database was used initially; the reference list for dental amalgam featured 8641 articles and 13 publications dealing with recent advances in dental amalgam. A forward search was undertaken on selected articles and using some author names. For the present, amalgam should remain the material of choice for economic direct restoration of posterior teeth. When esthetic concerns are paramount, tooth-colored materials, placed meticulously, can provide an acceptable alternative. All alternative restorative materials and procedures, however, have certain limitations.
  33 24,037 1,742
Indirect resin composites
Suresh Nandini
October-December 2010, 13(4):184-194
DOI:10.4103/0972-0707.73377  PMID:21217945
Aesthetic dentistry continues to evolve through innovations in bonding agents, restorative materials, and conservative preparation techniques. The use of direct composite restoration in posterior teeth is limited to relatively small cavities due to polymerization stresses. Indirect composites offer an esthetic alternative to ceramics for posterior teeth. This review article focuses on the material aspect of the newer generation of composites. This review was based on a PubMed database search which we limited to peer-reviewed articles in English that were published between 1990 and 2010 in dental journals. The key words used were 'indirect resin composites,' composite inlays,' and 'fiber-reinforced composites.'
  32 30,297 2,436
Nonsurgical management of periapical lesions
Marina Fernandes, Ida de Ataide
October-December 2010, 13(4):240-245
DOI:10.4103/0972-0707.73384  PMID:21217952
Periapical lesions develop as sequelae to pulp disease. They often occur without any episode of acute pain and are discovered on routine radiographic examination. The incidence of cysts within periapical lesions varies between 6 and 55%. The occurrence of periapical granulomas ranges between 9.3 and 87.1%, and of abscesses between 28.7 and 70.07%. It is accepted that all inflammatory periapical lesions should be initially treated with conservative nonsurgical procedures. Studies have reported a success rate of up to 85% after endodontic treatment of teeth with periapical lesions. A review of literature was performed by using electronic and hand searching methods for the nonsurgical management of periapical lesions. Various methods can be used in the nonsurgical management of periapical lesions: the conservative root canal treatment, decompression technique, active nonsurgical decompression technique, aspiration-irrigation technique, method using calcium hydroxide, Lesion Sterilization and Repair Therapy, and the Apexum procedure. Monitoring the healing of periapical lesions is essential through periodic follow-up examinations.
  24 20,226 1,936
Dental caries: A complete changeover, PART III: Changeover in the treatment decisions and treatments
Usha Carounanidy, R Sathyanarayanan
October-December 2010, 13(4):209-217
DOI:10.4103/0972-0707.73383  PMID:21217948
Comprehensive management of dental caries should involve the management of disease as well as the lesion. Current decision making process in cariology is influenced by numerous factors such as the size/ depth/ activity of the carious lesion and age/ the caries risk status of the patient. Treatment decisions should involve planning the non-operative/ preventive treatment for non-cavitated or early cavitated lesions and also formulating operative treatment for cavitated lesions. Apart from these two responsibilities, a clinician should also be knowledgeable enough to decide when not to interfere in the caries dynamics and how frequently to recall the patient for follow-ups. The non-operative treatment prescriptions vary in dose, intensity and mode of delivery according to the caries risk status. Minimal invasion and maximal conservation of tooth structure has become the essence of current operative treatments. This part of the series elaborates on the paradigm shift in the management of dental caries.
  18 14,016 1,189
A report on case reports
Velayutham Gopikrishna
October-December 2010, 13(4):265-271
DOI:10.4103/0972-0707.73375  PMID:21217956
Case reports are defined as the scientific documentation of a single clinical observation and have a time-honored and rich tradition in medicine and scientific publication. This article discusses the role and relevance of case reports in the current evidence-based medical literature. It also seeks to help and guide authors to understand how to prepare a reasonable and well-written case report and how they may anticipate concerns that peer reviewers may express when scrutinizing their manuscript. An overview of the Journal of Conservative Dentistry's review process of a manuscript submission is provided for the benefit of future authors. It is important to be able to read a case report critically and to use the information they contain appropriately. This article also discusses the factors to consider in evaluating individual case reports, and discusses a practical conceptual scheme for evaluating the potential value and educational content of a case report.
  16 9,735 400
Clinical effectiveness of contemporary dentin bonding agents
Jogikalmat Krithikadatta
October-December 2010, 13(4):173-183
DOI:10.4103/0972-0707.73376  PMID:21217944
Aim: The purpose of this paper is to review the literature on the clinical effectiveness of contemporary resin-based dentin bonding agents primarily focussing on the longevity of restoration. Materials and Methods: The literature published from June 2004 up to September 2010 was reviewed for clinical trials that tested the effectiveness of dentin bonding agents in the longevity of noncarious class V restoration. Results of each study reported using the USPHS criteria for clinical assessment of restoration were included and tabulated. The American Dental Association guidelines for dentin and enamel adhesives were used as a reference to compare the performance of individual bonding agents. Kruskal-Wallis followed by Mann-Whitney U was done to compare the mean Alfa score percentage for the three categories of bonding systems [etch-and-rinse (ER), self-etch primer (SEP), and self-etch-adhesive (SEA)]. Results: A comparison of the mean Alfa score percentages revealed no difference between the ER, SEP, and SEA categories of bonding systems except for marginal adaptation where ER was found to be superior to SEA. Conclusion: The clinical effectiveness of resin-based bonding agents is comparable among the three categories.
  14 10,471 948
Are full cast crowns mandatory after endodontic treatment in posterior teeth?
Aseem Prakash Tikku, Anil Chandra, Ramesh Bharti
October-December 2010, 13(4):246-248
DOI:10.4103/0972-0707.73382  PMID:21217953
The success of endodontic treatment is not only measured by the alleviation of pain and formation of healthy bone, replacing the diseased periapical tissue. Concepts for restoring pulpless teeth have been formed more from clinical observation than valid scientific investigation. Endodontically treated posterior teeth present numerous problems because of coronal destruction from dental caries, fractures, and previous restorations or endodontic techniques. The result is loss of tooth structure and a reduction in the capacity of the tooth to resist a myriad of intraoral forces. A summary of this review article suggests that coronal coverage significantly improves the clinical success rate of endodontically treated posterior teeth.
  7 9,094 488
Contributions of Indian conservative dentists and endodontists to the Medline database during 1996-2009: A bibliometric analysis
Saravanan Poorni, S Ramachandran, T Rooban, PD Madan Kumar
October-December 2010, 13(4):169-172
DOI:10.4103/0972-0707.73374  PMID:21217943
Background: Analysis of publication trends will guide the policy framers, administrators, and dentists to frame future policies and design programs for the development of scientific and technological policies in the field of dentistry. Aims and Objectives: This study was undertaken to assess the trends in Indian Conservative dentists and endodontists' Publication in PubMed-Medline database during 1996-2009. Materials and Methods: Using the time limitation of publication date limit of 1 st January 1996 to 31 st December 2009, all articles where authors' affiliation had the words "Dental" AND "India" were selected. From this collection of articles, the following were noted down: year of publication, number of authors, name of the journal, reach of the journal, status of the journal, specialty of the first, state of origin, and type of research. From this database, the performance of department of conservative dentistry and endodontics was analyzed. Results: The number of articles published by conservative dentists and endodontists was 124. Among them, 63 got published in international journals and 61 in Indian journals. A majority of 33 journals were published in Indian Journal of Dental Research followed by 25 in the Journal of Conservative Dentistry. Out of these articles, 66 were on the basis of original research done by the authors. Nearly 45.2% of the published articles were from the institutes in Tamil Nadu, followed by Karnataka (30.6%), and Maharashtra (8.1%). Although the overall distribution of the publication trends seems to be constant from 1996 to 2006, there seems to be boom in the publication trend since 2007.
  4 5,501 291
The journey so far…
Velayutham Gopikrishna
October-December 2010, 13(4):167-168
DOI:10.4103/0972-0707.73373  PMID:21217942
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