Journal of Conservative Dentistry

ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Year
: 2021  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 209--213

Assessment of yogic relaxation techniques for its anxiolytic effects in patients requiring endodontic treatment: A prospective, randomized controlled study


Meenakshi R Verma1, Rahul D Rao2, Deepak Langade3, Ashish K Jain2, Ananya Guha2, Malavika Mohan2 
1 Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Bharati Vidyapeeth Dental College and Hospital, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra; Department of Yoga, Sri Sri Institute of Advanced Research, Badamanavarathekaval, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Bharati Vidyapeeth Dental College and Hospital, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
3 Department of Pharmacology, Bharati Vidyapeeth Dental College and Hospital, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Malavika Mohan
Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Bharati Vidyapeeth Dental College and Hospital, Sector 7 CBD Belapur, Navi Mumbai - 400 614, Maharashtra

Background: The aim of the study is to assess the anxiolytic effects of yogic relaxation technique (YRT) in patients requiring root canal treatment (RCT). Materials and Methods: In this prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled study, 30 patients undergoing RCT with baseline visual analog scale for anxiety (VAS-A) of score >4 were divided into Group 1: YRTs; Group 2: alprazolam (0.25 mg/0.5 mg), and Group 3: placebo. After 30 min of completion of YRT, endodontic treatment was performed. Reduction in anxiety was analyzed using state anxiety score (domain) of the state-trait anxiety inventory scale. Results: There was no significant difference in anxiety score 1 h before RCT between groups (P = 0.401). Ten minutes before (P < 0.0001) and after RCT (P < 0.0001), there was significant difference between groups (yogic relaxation vs. alprazolam [P < 0.0001]; yogic relaxation vs. placebo [P < 0.0001]). Ten minutes before RCT, yoga relaxation showed significant difference in anxiety score for pain versus alprazolam and placebo (P < 0.0001 for both). Ten minutes after RCT, the change from baseline in mean anxiety score for pain was significantly different with yogic relaxation (versus alprazolam [P = 0.043]; versus placebo [P = 0.002]). As per the global assessment of efficacy, the response was excellent in 9 (90%), 2 (20%), and 1 (10%) patients in yoga relaxation group, alprazolam group, and placebo group, respectively. Difference in response between three groups was significant (P < 0.0001). There was no significant difference in the global assessment of tolerability between three groups (P = 0.535). No adverse events were reported. Conclusion: Before RCT, YRT is an effective alternative to anxiolytic agents, alprazolam.


How to cite this article:
Verma MR, Rao RD, Langade D, Jain AK, Guha A, Mohan M. Assessment of yogic relaxation techniques for its anxiolytic effects in patients requiring endodontic treatment: A prospective, randomized controlled study.J Conserv Dent 2021;24:209-213


How to cite this URL:
Verma MR, Rao RD, Langade D, Jain AK, Guha A, Mohan M. Assessment of yogic relaxation techniques for its anxiolytic effects in patients requiring endodontic treatment: A prospective, randomized controlled study. J Conserv Dent [serial online] 2021 [cited 2022 Jan 19 ];24:209-213
Available from: https://www.jcd.org.in/article.asp?issn=0972-0707;year=2021;volume=24;issue=2;spage=209;epage=213;aulast=Verma;type=0