Journal of Conservative Dentistry

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2020  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 337--340

Association of hormonal fingerprints and dental caries: A pilot study


Akansha Rajawat, Chandrakanth Majeti, Uday Kumar Podugu, Mamta Kaushik, X Nagamaheshwari, Neha Mehra 
 Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Army College of Dental Sciences, Secunderabad, Telangana, India

Correspondence Address:
Akansha Rajawat
Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Army College of Dental Sciences, Jai Jawahar Nagar Post, CRPF - Road, Chennapur, Secunderabad - 500 087, Telangana
India

Context: Dental caries remains the most widespread oral disease among all age groups. Hormonal fingerprints (second digit: fourth digit ratio or 2D:4D ratio) are biomarkers displaying sexual dimorphism and diverse human phenotypic traits. A person's genetic makeup may influence the occurrence of dental caries. Aim: The present study aimed to evaluate the influence of digit ratio on the incidence of dental caries. Settings and Design: Two hundred patients between 18 and 55 years, reporting for restorations or endodontic therapy, participated in the study. Subjects and Methods: Hormonal fingerprints (2D:4D ratio) were measured with the help of a digital vernier caliper. Caries incidence was recorded using the DMFT index. Statistical Analysis used: Data obtained were tabulated and statistically analyzed using Independent t-test and Chi-square test. Results: Males had a less mean 2D:4D ratio than females, which was statistically significant (p-value = 0.003). Chi-square test was applied, and there was a statistically significant correlation between high digit ratio and caries experience (p-value = 0.002). Females with a high digit ratio and males with a low digit ratio were in the moderate and low caries risk groups with a p-value of 0.029 and 0.001 in the respective risk groups. Conclusion: The present study displayed a correlation between hormonal fingerprints (2D:4D ratio) and dental caries. An indicator of caries risk will help prevent caries by implementing oral hygiene measures, which will reduce its incidence as the most occurring oral disease.


How to cite this article:
Rajawat A, Majeti C, Podugu UK, Kaushik M, Nagamaheshwari X, Mehra N. Association of hormonal fingerprints and dental caries: A pilot study.J Conserv Dent 2020;23:337-340


How to cite this URL:
Rajawat A, Majeti C, Podugu UK, Kaushik M, Nagamaheshwari X, Mehra N. Association of hormonal fingerprints and dental caries: A pilot study. J Conserv Dent [serial online] 2020 [cited 2022 Oct 5 ];23:337-340
Available from: https://www.jcd.org.in/article.asp?issn=0972-0707;year=2020;volume=23;issue=4;spage=337;epage=340;aulast=Rajawat;type=0