Journal of Conservative Dentistry
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2023  |  Volume : 26  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 104-107

Evaluation of detrimental effects of impacted Mandibular third molars on adjacent second molars – A retrospective observational study


Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, HKES's S. Nijalingappa Institute of Dental Sciences and Research, Kalaburagi, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ambika Belam
Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, HKES's S. Nijalingappa Institute of Dental Sciences and Research, Kalaburagi - 585 105, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jcd.jcd_341_22

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Context: Mandibular impacted third molars are the most frequently impacted teeth in humans and can predispose the adjacent second molar to an array of detrimental effects such as caries, periodontitis, and cervical resorption thus the aim of this study was to determine the same. Subjects and Methods: A retrospective observational cross-sectional study involving patients with orthopantomography presenting with impacted lower third molar. The type, depth, and level of impaction, the extent of caries, periodontal changes, and the presence of cervical resorption were assessed. Statistical Analysis Used: Data were analyzed using SPSS version 21.0. with Chi-square. Results: Mesioangular impaction was most commonly noted. The pattern of impaction had a direct influence in the formation of carious lesions, cervical resorption, and periodontal ligament (PDL) changes. Conclusions: Noting the pattern of third molar impaction helps the clinician to forecast problems that may occur on adjacent teeth and initiate necessary prophylactic treatment.


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