Journal of Conservative Dentistry
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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 25  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 541-546

Push-out bond strength of mineral trioxide aggregate with addition of titanium dioxide, silver, and silicon dioxide nanoparticles: An in vitro comparative study

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, School of Dental Sciences, KIMSDU, Karad, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mugdha Laxmikant Bichile
Department of Conservative dentistry and Endodontics, School of Dental Sciences, KIMSDU, Karad, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jcd.jcd_248_22

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Background: The ultimate goal of endodontic therapy is to eliminate all microorganisms present inside root canal and thereby sealing all the possible communicating pathways between pulpal and periradicular tissues, which prevents all the factors that cause recontamination and reinfection of the root canal system. If endodontic treatment fails, next approach is surgical endodontics. Bioceramics are recently introduced materials specifically designed for their potential use in medical field and dentistry. Aim: To evaluate and compare the push-out bond strength of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) by adding titanium dioxide (TiO2), silver, and silicon dioxide nanoparticles. Materials and Methods: Totally, 60 single-rooted human teeth were used. Middle third of the root was sectioned to obtain 2-mm thick root section. Acrylic was adapted to the section to obtain disks of 5 mm diameter and 2 mm thickness. Canal was prepared by GG Drill. Samples were divided into four groups of 15 each (n = 15): • Group I (control): MTA • Group II: MTA + TiO2 nanoparticles. • Group III: MTA + silver nanoparticles. • Group IV: MTA + silicon dioxide nanoparticles. The cement mixture was compacted into the canal. Samples were subjected to push-out bond strength using universal testing machine. Statistical Analysis Used: The data were analyzed statistically by analysis of variance and post hoc comparison by Tukey's t-test. Results: The highest push-out bond strength was shown by Group II (MTA with TiO2 nanoparticles), followed by Group III (MTA with silver nanoparticles) and Group I (MTA control group). The lowest push-out bond strength was shown by Group III (MTA with silicon dioxide nanoparticles). Conclusions: TiO2 and silver nanoparticles when added into MTA lead to an increase in push-out bond strength of MTA.

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