Journal of Conservative Dentistry
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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 25  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 252-257

Antimicrobial efficacy of triple antibiotic-loaded chitosan nanoparticles activated with photochemical disinfection: A microbiological and confocal microscopic analysis

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, M. A. Rangoonwala Dental College and Research Centre, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Asiya Mujawar
Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, M. A. Rangoonwala Dental College and Research Centre, Hidayatullah Azam Campus Camp, Pune, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jcd.jcd_608_21

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Introduction: This in-vitro study comprises Antimicrobial and Confocal Microscopic analysis of the efficacy of Triple Antibiotic and Toluidine Blue (TBO) loaded chitosan nanoparticles (chnp) activated with photodynamic therapy (PDT) against Enterococcus faecalis (Ef). Methodology: 105 single-rooted extracted teeth were decoronated, cleaned and shaped, and incubated with Ef. The roots were randomly divided into three groups: Group I-Control, Group II-Triple Antibiotic Paste (TAP), Group III: Triple antibiotic-loaded chitosan nanoparticles (tachnp), and Group IV: Tachnp and TBO loaded chnp activated with PDT. Ten specimens from all the groups were subjected to antimicrobial analysis and five specimens were observed under the confocal microscope after 24 h and 7 days. Group IV was additionally analyzed after 24 h and 7 days of laser activation. Results: Group IV C showed the least colony-forming units followed by Group IVB, Group IIIB, Group IVA, and Group IIIA. Group II showed more colony-forming units. On intergroup comparison of mean colony count in control and experimental groups at 24 h and 7 days using one-way ANOVA F test was highly significant P < 0.001. The confocal microscopic images of IV C showed the increased intensity of fluorescent red indicating dead bacteria. Conclusion: Within the limitations of this study, TAP loaded chitosan nanoparticles activated with PDT showed a significant reduction in colony count.

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