Journal of Conservative Dentistry
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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 199-203

Comparison of the penetration depth of five root canal sealers: A confocal laser scanning microscopic study

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Terna Dental College and Hospital, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Shishir Singh
Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Terna Dental College and Hospital, Sector 22, Nerul, Navi Mumbai - 400 706, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/JCD.JCD_364_19

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Background: Sealer penetration into dentinal tubules eliminates the pathways for bacterial leakage and entombs intratubular bacteria. Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the depth of radicular dentinal tubule penetration of five root canal sealers using confocal laser scanning microscopy. Methods: Fifty freshly extracted single-rooted maxillary anterior teeth were used. After decoronation at the cementoenamel junction, they were prepared to ProTaper size F3. After irrigation with 5 mL smear clear, 5 mL 5% sodium hypochlorite and 5 mL distilled water alternatively, the samples were randomly divided into five groups (n = 10) and obturated by lateral compaction technique using the test sealers labeled by fluorescent rhodamine B dye (Mayor Diagnostics, Mumbai, India). Zinc oxide eugenol (ZOE) (Prime Dental Products), EndoREZ (Ultradent), Sealapex (SybronEndo), AH Plus (Dentsply Maillefer), and MTA-Fillapex (Angelus) formed the test groups. Teeth were then positioned in blocks of orthodontic resin. Three horizontal sections of 1-mm representing coronal middle and apical thirds were made and examined with Zeiss (laser scanning microscope [LSM] 780) confocal LSM. Images were analyzed using ZEN 2.1 software. Statistical Analysis: Data were recorded and subjected to statistical analysis using one-way ANOVA test. Results: Maximum penetration depth was demonstrated by AH Plus in the coronal and apical thirds, MTA-Fillapex in the middle thirds, while minimum penetration depth was seen in ZOE in the coronal and middle thirds and Sealapex in the apical thirds. None of the root canal sealers were able to penetrate the complete depth of radicular dentinal tubules. Conclusion: While AH Plus and MTA-Fillapex showed the highest penetration into radicular dentinal tubules, ZOE and Sealapex demonstrated the least penetration.

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