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ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 163-168

Perspective and practice of root caries management: A multicountry study – Part II: A deeper dive into risk factors


1 Primary Care, National Health Service, Lothian, UK
2 Oral Biology, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan
3 Restorative Dentistry, State University of Campinas, São Paolo, Brazil
4 Periodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada
5 Restorative Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Majmaah University, Al Majma'ah, Saudi Arabia
6 Orthodontics, College of Dentistry, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq
7 Prosthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Tripoli, Tripoli, Libya
8 Dental Public Health, Teesside University, Middlesbrough, UK
9 Oral Pathology, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
10 Restorative Dentistry, Dundee Dental School, University of Dundee, Dundee, UK

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Abubaker Qutieshat
Restorative Dentistry, Dundee Dental School, University of Dundee, Dundee
UK
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jcd.jcd_20_21

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Background: The potential of an improved understanding to prevent and treat a complex oral condition such as root caries is important, given its correlation with multiple factors and the uncertainty surrounding the approach/material of choice. Deeper insights into risk factors may improve the quality of treatment and reduce the formation of root surface caries. Aim: The present work aims to gain knowledge about dentists' opinions and experiences on assessing the risk factor related to the development of root caries and to help identify any overlooked factors that may contribute to less efficacious clinical outcomes. Methodology: A questionnaire related to root surface caries was distributed among practicing dentists in nine different countries, namely the United Kingdom, Libya, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Brazil, India, Malaysia, and Iraq. Questionnaire responses were analyzed, and the results were compared among the groups. Results: Dentists around the world ranked the oral hygiene status of patients as the most important factor in the development of root surface caries. Patients with poor oral hygiene, active periodontal disease, reduced salivary flow, and gingival recession are perceived to have a higher risk of developing new root surface caries. There is a greater focus on prevention in the UK and greater levels of untreated dental disease in other countries, especially those recovering from civil wars. Conclusion: This work identified some overlooked factors that may have contributed to the less efficacious clinical outcomes reported in the literature. It is hoped that this deep dive into risk factors coupled with the findings presented in Part I of this study will be used as a basis for a more comprehensive investigation into the management of patients with root surface caries.


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