Journal of Conservative Dentistry
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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 83-87

Effects of conventional and herbal irrigants on microhardness and flexural strength of root canal dentin: An in vitro study

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Vydehi Institute of Dental Sciences and Research Centre, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr, J Sindhu
Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Vydehi Institute of Dental Sciences and Research Centre, #82, EPIP Area, Whitefield, Bengaluru - 560 066, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/JCD.JCD_426_20

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Aim: The aim of this in vitro study was to compare the effects of herbal irrigants with conventional irrigants on microhardness and flexural strength of root dentin. Materials and Methods: Sixty extracted permanent maxillary canines were selected. Decoronated roots were sectioned longitudinally into buccal and lingual segments to get 120 specimens. These were embedded in auto polymerizing acrylic resin and further grounded with fine emery papers under distilled water. Of these, 100 root segments without any defects were selected , further divided into four test groups and a control group according to the irrigants used (n = 20). Group 1: 2.5% Sodium hypochlorite, Group 2: Miswak stick extract, Group 3: Cashew leaves extract. Group 4: Mango leaves extract and Group 5: Normal saline (control). All specimens were treated with 5 ml of each irrigant for 10 minutes and rinsed immediately. Dentin microhardness was measured with a Vickers indenter, and the flexural strength test was done using a universal testing machine. The data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA and the intergroup comparison by student t-test. Results: The experimental groups showed a significant reduction in microhardness values when compared with the control group. Intragroup comparison among experimental groups, herbal irrigants showed the least reduction in microhardness values at cervical, middle, and apical thirds. When compared to the control group, the flexural strength values decreased significantly with experimental groups. Conclusion: Within the limitation of this study, it was concluded that herbal irrigants were least detrimental to root dentin microhardness when compared with conventional irrigant. But the flexural strength was equally reduced by both conventional and herbal irrigants.

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