Journal of Conservative Dentistry
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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 554-557

Effect of immersion in sodium hypochlorite on the cyclic fatigue resistance of three rotary instruments

1 Department of Endodontics, São Leopoldo Mandic Dental Research Center, Bahia, Brazil
2 Department of Endodontics, School of Dentistry, Ilhéus, Bahia, Brazil
3 Department of Endodontics, School of Dentistry, Pontificia Universidade Católica de Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil
4 Postgraduate Program in Health Sciences, Pontifical Catholic University of Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Ana Grasiela Da Silva Limoeiro
Praça Juracy Magalhães, Sala 4, Centro, Iguaí, Bahia 45.280.000
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/JCD.JCD_117_19

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Context: It is essential to know if the immersion in sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) influences the cyclic fatigue resistance of nickel-titaniumm (NiTi) files. Aim: This study was aimed to evaluate the resistance to the cyclic fatigue of three NiTi systems, as well as the influence of 5.25% NaOCl on their resistance. Methods: Files from the Sequence Rotary File (MK life, Porto Alegre, Brazil), ProTaper Next (PTN) (Dentsply, Maillefer, Baillagues, Switzerland), and HyFlex EDM (Coltène Whaledent, Allstatten, Switzerland) systems were tested and separated into Group 1)-without immersion in NaOCl solution and Group 2 and Group 3-immersed in 5.25% NaOCl solution, for 1 min, and 5 min, respectively. All instruments were submitted to the cyclic fatigue test. Images of the instruments were observed by scanning electron microscopy, to evaluate the type of defect presented on the fractured surface. The test performed for the analysis of two independent factors was a two-way analysis of variance. Results: HyFlex EDM presented a greater number of cycles until fracture when compared to others (P < 0.001). The control group showed a greater number of cycles until fracture than the same instruments submitted to NaOCl (P < 0.001). Sequence instruments showed the lowest values of cycles until fracture (P < 0.001). There was no statistically significant difference between treatments (P = 0.998). PTN, showed intermediate values of fracture resistance when compared to the HyFlex EDM and sequence instruments (P < 0.001), but without intragroup differences (P = 0.437). Conclusions: Hyflex EDM instruments were the most resistant to cyclic fatigue.

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