Journal of Conservative Dentistry
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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 395-401

Comparative evaluation of surface roughness and color stability of nanohybrid composite resin after periodic exposure to tea, coffee, and Coca-cola ” An in vitro profilometric and image analysis study

1 Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Guru Nanak Institute of Dental Sciences and Research, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
2 Centre for Health Care Science and Technology, Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Shibpur, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Deepshikha Chowdhury
15/1B Surah East Road, Kolkata - 700 010, West Bengal
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/JCD.JCD_401_20

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Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the surface roughness and color stability of a nanohybrid composite resin after exposure to tea, coffee, Coca-cola, and artificial saliva on the 7th, 14th, and 28th day. Materials and Methods: Forty specimens of nanohybrid composite resin discs of dimension 6 mm × 2 mm were fabricated and were randomly divided into four equal groups based on beverages (Group 1: control group – artificial saliva, Group 2: Tea, Group 3: Coffee, and Group 4 : Coca-cola). Baseline readings of surface roughness (Ra) and color change (ΔE) were obtained by profilometer and digital image analysis technique in CIE l*a*b scale followed by the readings (ΔE) taken on the 7th, 14th, and 28th day of exposure to respective beverages. Statistical Analyses: One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) followed by post hoc Tukey's test and paired t-test along with Pearson's correlation with a P = 0.05. Results: Overall, highest surface roughness was obtained in the samples exposed to Coca-cola followed by coffee and tea while the least surface roughness was obtained in the samples exposed to artificial saliva (control group) which was statistically significant (P < 0.05). Overall highest color change was obtained in tea followed by coffee and Coca-cola. The least color change was observed in the samples exposed to artificial saliva (control group) (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Surface roughness and color change were time dependent as both increased with time. Furthermore, greater the surface roughness, more was the color change observed in all the groups at all tested time intervals.

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