Journal of Conservative Dentistry
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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 62-65

Sealing ability of three different root repair materials for furcation perforation repair: An in vitro study

1 Departments of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Nanded Rural Dental College and Research Center, Nanded, Maharashtra, India
2 Malla Reddy Dental College for Women, Hyderabad, Telangana, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Abhijeet K Kakani
Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics Nanded Rural Dental College and Research Center, Pangri Village, Behind SRTM University, Nanded - 431 606, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/JCD.JCD_371_19

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Aim: The present study aimed to evaluate and compare the sealing ability of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA)-Angelus, Biodentine™, and EndoSequence cement in furcation perforations using protein leakage assessment. Materials and Methods: The present study was conducted using seventy extracted human maxillary and mandibular molars with intact furcation. The samples were randomly allocated into three groups (n = 20) based on repair material used: Group 1 – MTA-Angelus, Group 2 – Biodentine™, and Group 3 – EndoSequence. Two additional groups served as positive and negative controls (n = 5). Using the leakage assessment apparatus, the presence of protein was detected with a reagent (Coomassive Brilliant Blue) every day for 60 days. One-way ANOVA and post hoc Tukey's test were used for statistical analysis using SPSS software. Results: All the groups exhibited protein leakage from day 1. Biodentine showed minimum (0.1201 mg/ml), MTA showed maximum (0.3738 mg/ml), and EndoSequence had intermediate (0.2465 mg/ml) leakage. None in the negative control and all of the positive control specimens leaked during the experimental period of 60 days. Conclusion: The newer biomaterials, Biodentine and Endosequence with better handling properties, could be used as alternatives to MTA-Angelus while repairing furcation perforations.

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