Journal of Conservative Dentistry
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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 10-14

Ex vivo ability of a noninstrumentation technique to disinfect oval-shaped canals

1 Private Practice, Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebanon
2 Department of Orthodontics, Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebanon

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Ghassan Yared
Malik Torossian Bldg, Camille Chammoun Street, Sin El Fil, Beirut
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/JCD.JCD_306_20

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Context: Oval-shaped canals represent a challenge in endodontics. Infected tissue may remain in their recesses. This concern may be more critical with minimally instrumentation techniques. Aims: The present study evaluated the disinfection ability in oval-shaped canals of a noninstrumentation technique using ultrasonic agitation and intracanal heating of sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) compared to rotary canal preparation and ultrasonic agitation with and without heating of NaOCl. Settings and Designs: Sixty extracted mandibular incisors were included. The teeth had pulp necrosis and apical periodontitis and oval-shaped canals. They were divided into three groups depending on the treatment protocol: (1) IHAN: intracanal heating and ultrasonic agitation of NaOCl only, (2) R-IHAN: Rotary preparation followed by IHAN, and (3) R-passive ultrasonic agitation (PUA): Rotary preparation and ultrasonic agitation of NaOCl. Methods: Root canal samples were taken before (S1) and after (S2) the endodontic procedures were completed and cultured anaerobically. Statistical Analysis Used: Wilcoxon tests were performed to compare colony-forming units (CFUs) before and after the endodontic procedures for the three groups. The percentage of variation of CFUs was compared among the three groups using Kruskal–Wallis tests, followed by Mann–Whitney U-tests. Results: All S1 samples were positive. All S2 samples showed bacterial growth in R-PUA compared to 17 in R-IHAN. None of the S2 samples in IHAN were positive. Bacteria reduction was significant in each group (P < 0.001). The percentage of bacteria reduction was highest for IHAN and lowest for R-PUA (P < 0.001). Conclusions: Intracanal heating and ultrasonic agitation of NaOCl without instrumentation completely eliminated bacteria from infected oval-shaped canals.

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