Journal of Conservative Dentistry
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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 96-100

The effects of chlorhexidine and ethanol on push-out bond strength of fiber posts

1 Department of Endodontics, Araraquara Dental School, São Paulo State University, Araraquara, Brazil
2 Department of Restorative Dentistry, Araraquara Dental School, São Paulo State University, Araraquara, Brazil
3 Department of Endodontics, Bauru Dental School, University of São Paulo, Bauru, São Paulo, Brazil
4 Department of Conservative Dentistry, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
5 Department of Prosthodontics, Dental School, University of Southern Santa Catarina, Tubarão, Santa Catarina, Brazil

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Jefferson Ricardo Pereira
Rua Recife 200 - Apto 601 - Bairro: Recife, Tubarão/SC, CEP - 88701-420
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.173210

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Context: Irrigation of root canals with chlorhexidine (CHX) and ethanol is common practice to prevent root canal infection during postplacement. However, pretreatment with these solvents may interfere with the bond strength of posts. Aims: This study aimed to evaluate if root dentin pretreatment using CHX and/or ethanol influences the push-out bond strength of fiber-reinforced composite resin (FRCR) posts. Materials and Methods: Fifty space posts prepared in endodontically treated extracted human canine roots were randomly divided into five groups (n = 10) according to the dentin pretreatment: Distilled water (W); 1% CHX diacetate solution (1C); CHX diacetate + 99% ethanol (1CE); 99% ethanol (E); and 2% CHX digluconate solution (2C). After pretreatment, the adhesive system (Peak Universal Bond; Ultradent, South Jordan, UT, USA) was applied in the root dentin and the FRCR was cemented with resin cement. Then, horizontal slices of 2 mm were obtained from each root third and the push-out bond strength was assessed. Statistical analysis was done using analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey's tests (P = 0.05). Results: At all thirds, 1CE and E groups presented similar push-out bond strength values (P > 0.05), which were higher than the other groups (P < 0.05). W, 1C, and 2C groups were similar (P > 0.05). Conclusion: The root dentin pretreatment with ethanol, alone or mixed with CHX diacetate increased the bond strength of FRCR luted with resin cement.

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