Journal of Conservative Dentistry
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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 61-64

A comparative assessment of fracture resistance of endodontically treated and re-treated teeth: An in vitro study

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Faculty of Dental Sciences, Sri Ramachandra University, Porur, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Arathi Ganesh
Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Faculty of Dental Sciences, Sri Ramachandra University, Porur, Chennai - 600 116, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.124146

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Aim: To compare and assess the fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth with those that have been subjected to endodontic retreatment. Materials and Methods: 30 extracted mandibular premolars were decoronated at cementoenamel junction and randomly divided into 2 groups. In Group I endodontic treatment was performed with ProTaper rotary system till size F2 and obturated. In Group II, cleaning and shaping was done and teeth were subjected to Spiral CT to assess the remaining dentin thickness and obturated. Later retreatment was done using Protaper Universal Retreatment system and final shaping was performed till size F3. Remaining dentin thickness was again assessed using Spiral CT and then obturated. All the specimens were subjected to fracture resistance using universal testing machine. The results were statistically analyzed using Independent Samples t-test for analysis of remaining dentin thickness using SCT within Group II and Paired Samples t-test was used for assessment of fracture resistance between Group I and II (P < 0.05). Results: In Group II, the intra group comparison of the remaining dentin thickness in the coronal third reveals statistical significance, with a significant difference noted in the apical third. Results of the fracture resistance reveal a statistically significant difference (P < 0.05) between Groups I and II with the mean fracture resistance of Group I being higher than Group II. Conclusion: Endodontically retreated teeth have shown significantly decreased resistance to fracture and this has a positive correlation to the increased loss of root dentin during the retreatment procedures

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