Journal of Conservative Dentistry
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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 50-55

Idiopathic dental pulp calcifications in a tertiary care setting in South India

1 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Mar Baselios Dental College, Ernakulam, Kerala, India
2 Department of Prosthodontics, Mar Baselios Dental College, Ernakulam, Kerala, India
3 Department of Biostatistics, Senior Manager Analytics, New Media Private Ltd, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
P S Satheeshkumar
Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Mar Baselios Dental College, Ernakulam, Kerala
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.105299

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Background: Dental pulp calcifications are unique and represent the dental pulp regenerative process. Dental pulp calcifications are sometimes routine findings in oral radiographs and may later serve as an important diagnostic criterion for a hidden aspect of systemic illness. Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess the patterns and prevalence of idiopathic dental pulp calcifications in a tertiary care setting in South India. Materials and Methods: A total of 227 patients were included in the study fulfilling the inclusion criteria. Age range of the study population was from 15 to 70 years. Teeth were examined under digital panoramic radiograph. The presence or absence of pulp stones was recorded. The presence of pulp stone were categorized according to the types classified as Type I, Type IA, Type II, Type IIA, Type II B, and Type III. The frequency of occurrence of pulp stones with sex, tooth type, dental arches, and types were compared with the types of calcification. Results: Total no. of patients with pulpal calcification were 227 [females 133 (58.59%) and males 94 (41.40%)]. The most common type between both sexes was Type I (48%). Total no. of teeth with calcification was 697; maxilla (48%), mandible (52%). The prevalence of pulp stone was found to be higher in the molars in both the arches. Most no. of pulp stones are reported at the third and fourth decade of life. Conclusion: Idiopathic dental pulp calcifications are incidental radiographic findings of the pulp tissue and also may be an indicator of underlying disease.

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